A cardiac arrest or when it happens unexpectedly, a Sudden Cardiac Arrest is one of the UK biggest killers with a extremely low survival rate – on average just 8%.
This is in contrast to the condition it is often confused with – myocardial infarction, more commonly known as a heart attack, which has a survival rate up to 80%.
A heart attack is a “plumbing” issue where the blood supply is blocked or restricted to the heart, but importantly the heart is still pumping and the patient still conscious and alive.
This is in contrast to a sudden cardiac arrest which is an “electrical” issue which stops the heart from pumping resulting in the person collapsing unconscious and being essentially “dead”. If no immediate action is taken to rectify the situation they will sadly stay that way.
More information on the difference can be found here.
According to the Resuscitation Council approximately 30,000 resuscitations are attempted in England each year, with an estimated similar number to far gone to warrant intervention. This extrapolates to roughly 100,000 a year in the UK, or to put to another way – 250 per day!
A major heart attack can lead to a sudden cardiac arrest and is a significant cause of them, but an SCA has a multitude of other known causes and also unknown causes.
They can occur at any time, any where and to any one – age or fitness is no indicator. Indeed the Sudden Cardiac Arrest UK peer support group has many people who thought they were fit and healthy prior to their event and it is estimated that 12-15 young people die each week of an SCA.
When a person has Sudden Cardiac Arrest, unless they get immediate attention they are often without oxygen for some time and this can often lead to serious repercussions including brain injury.
If you would like to know more about life after a cardiac arrest you might be interested in reading more on this website or blog or even our Kindle ebook…
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Sudden Cardiac Arrest UK aims to provide support to those affected by this event and is run totally voluntary and if you would like to help support the group to build on the work it is doing, such as the successful Guinness World Record attempt, then please feel free to donate on our Just Giving page
To recap, a cardiac arrest and a heart attack are not the same, and although both are medical emergencies and require 999, the former is considerably more lethal.
You can help by spreading awareness of this simple piece of information and you can also help yourself by ensuring that you and your loved ones know CPR and where you nearest defibrillators are (and if there aren’t any near maybe you can do something about that?)